“Not und Bedrängnis” (Need and Difficulty): this is the title with which Jesuit cardinal Adam Kozłowiecki’s diaries (1911-2007) are being published over these days. The diaries that tell about the time the cardinal was imprisoned in the extermination camps in Auschwitz and Dachau from 1939 to 1945 are now published in German, 60 years after their first appearance in Poland. The Jesuit priest, who was ordained cardinal by John Paul II in 1998, was one of those thousands of priests and men of religion from all over Europe who were imprisoned and deported by Nazis. In a diary, Kozłowiecki, who was eventually a missionary in Zambia for many years – of which he became a national and in which he was also archbishop of the capital, Lusaka, and president of the Bishops Conference –, wrote his memories of his imprisonment, now published in Germany at last by Regensburg-based publishing company Friedrich Puste. The president of the German Bishops Company, cardinal Reinhard Marx, wrote the foreword. The chaplain of Munich’s memorial to the victims of the Second World War, Ludwig Schmidinger, sees in “the high level of self-analysis” the special, permanent value of the publication, which carefully describes “the wicked relationships between convicts of different nationalities with the guards and even between them”. In the diaries, the author also insists on his Christian faith, heavily challenged in the lagers.